New Delhi, March 14, 2019: “Globally, prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is 18.5-58.3 per million children. However, under reporting due to lack of recognition suggests a higher prevalence in children.
The top cause of paediatric CKD is congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) at 50%, followed by hereditary nephropathies and glomerulonephritis. Obesity in children is a new problem worldwide and is a major risk factor for CKD. Infants of low birth weight and small for gestational age have an increased risk of developing ESRD in adolescence. As the paediatric obesity problem rises and the low birth weight population ages, we may encounter a potential shift in the epidemiology of paediatric CKD.
It is advisable to encourage children to spend one hour of physical activity every day, ensuring sufficient fluid intake and following a healthy diet. Increased awareness is needed in children for early diagnosis and implementation of prevention and treatment measures.”
Corporate Comm India(CCI Newswire)